Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic. Situated at the confluence of the rivers Svratka and Svitava and has approximately 400 000 inhabitants.
The most important landmarks of the city include the castle Spilberk located on the hill with the same name and the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul at the top Petrov, forming a characteristic panorama. The second preserved castle on the territory of Brno is Veveří, towering above the Brno dam. Another important monument is the functionalist villa Tugendhat, which was registered as a World Heritage Site UNESCO. The historic town center was declared a conservation area. The attractive tourist sites include the beginning of the protected area of Moravian Karst, which is also located in Brno.
Brno is among other things the center of judicial power in the Czech Republic, the home of the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Supreme Administrative Court and the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office. The city is also an important center of higher education. At the Brno Exhibition Grounds are traditionally conducted the great international exhibitions and fairs. There biggest event organized here is the International Engineering Fair.